Among Buddhist holidays, this day is the most important, as it commemorates the birthday of the Buddha. It is also known as the Day of Vesak. The founder of Buddhism had the given name Siddhartha, the family name Gautama and the clan name Shaka. He is commonly called the Buddha, meaning in Sanskrit the enlightened one. He is thought to have lived in India from circa 563 BC to 483 BC. Some countries celebrate this holiday on the lunar calendar, so the date changes from year to year, but it always occurs in either April or May. This day is a holiday in India, Indonesia, Korea, Singapore and Thailand.
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