Aug 19, 1893. Frank J. Wisner, owner of Cripple Creek Brewing, served the first root beer float in Cripple Creek, CO. Inspired by the moonlit view of snowcapped Cow Mountain, he added a scoop of ice cream to his Myers Avenue Red root beer and began serving it as the Black Cow Mountain. Kids loved it and shortened the name to Black Cow. Cripple Creek Brewing still sells beverages based on the original formulas.
using mens clothing (pants) for womens wear; creating simple, comfortable clothing that was nonetheless elegant; making dramatic use of costume jewelry (especially ropes of pearls);and popularizing the little black dress and sportswear. She was the first couturier to put her name on a signature perfume: Chanel No. 5 (created in 1921, it was an immediate sensation and today sells every 30 seconds around the world). After closing her shop with the outbreak of WWII, Chanel reopened it in 1954 and introduced her signature suit of collarless, bias-trimmed jacket with skirt. Elegance does not consist in putting on a new dress, she once stated. The fashion icon died on Jan 10, 1971, at Paris,France.
Aug 19, 1921. The creator of the popular TV series Star Trek, Gene Roddenberry was born at El Paso, TX. Turning from his first careeras an airline pilot to writing, he created one of the most successful TV science fiction series ever. The original series, which ended its run in 1969, lives on in reruns and led to other popular spin-off series. Numerousfilms also have been spawned from the original concept. Roddenberry died Oct 24, 1991, at Santa Monica, CA.
Aug 19. Presidential Proclamation 2343, of July 25, 1939, covers all succeeding years. Always Aug 19 of each year since 1939. Observed annually on birth anniversary of Orville Wright, who piloted first self-powered flight in history, Dec 17, 1903. First proclaimed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
National Radio Day is a time to honor one of the most longstanding electronic media and its role in our everyday lives. Radio delivers information, news, entertainment and company to millions of Americans every hour of every day. Although there is not one authoritative source on the history of National Radio Day, it has been celebrated since the early 1990son August 20. Perhaps it was decided that August 20 would be an appropriate day because 8MK (now WWJ) in Detroit, first broadcast on August 20, 1920.
St. Stephen’s Day is a national holiday in Hungary and commemorates the canonization of the founder of Hungary.
Aug 21, 1878. Organized at Saratoga, NY.
Aug 21, 1959. President Dwight Eisenhower signed a proclamation admitting Hawaii to the Union. The statehood bill had passed the previousMarch with a stipulation that statehood should be approved by a vote of Hawaiian residents. The referendum passed by a huge margin in June, and Eisenhower proclaimed Hawaii the 50th state on Aug 21.
Aug 21 Oct 15, 1858. At Ottawa, IL, Abraham Lincoln began aseries of debates throughout Illinois with Stephen A. Douglas that would propel Lincoln to national notoriety. Republican Lincoln was challenging Democrat Douglass bid for reelection to the US Senate. The two men conducted seven spirited public debates that often wrestled with the question of slavery in US territories. Although Douglas won reelection, Lincolns eloquence gained him acclaim and he was chosen to be the Republican Partys candidate for president in the 1860 elections. In 1860 Lincoln defeated Douglas tobecome president.
A day for all poets to celebrate their special talents and the vision that makes them so wonderful and dear. Poets Day is a time to sharespecial thoughts about poets and poetry.
Aug 22, 1893. Born Dorothy Rothschild at West End, NJ, the acclaimed poet, critic, author and wit was known as the wittiest woman inAmerica. She said, I hate writing, I love having written. During her career, Parker wrote for Vanity Fair, The New Yorker (for whom she was anoriginal contributor) and other top periodicals, and was one of the founding members of the elite literary group the Algonquin Round Table. Strong,albeit subtle, critiques of sexism were prevailing themes in her works, along with critiques of all other forms of social inequality. Parker was found dead in her New York City residential hotel on June 7, 1967.
Aug 22, 1847. What would later become the world-famous Mormon Tabernacle Choir gave its first public performance at Salt Lake City, UT,for an outdoor meeting of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.Widely known for its concert tours, recordings and weekly radio and television broadcasts from Temple Square, the choirs radio program Music and the Spoken Word is the longest continuously running radio program in network history, dating back to 1929.
Aug 22, 1920. Born at Waukegan, IL, Ray Bradbury was one of the preeminent science fiction/ fantasy writers of the 20th century. His body of work, which critiqued social mores and depicted the consequences of unfettered technology, is considered timeless and transcends generations. Notable works include Something Wicked This Way Comes, The Body Electric and Fahrenheit 451, his most famous novel. Awarded a Special Citation by the Pulitzer Board (2007) for his oeuvre, Bradbury died June 5, 2012, at Los Angeles, CA. He once wrote, Recreate the world in your own image and make it better for your having been here.
Aug 22, 1945. Less than a week after the Japanese surrender ended WWII, a team of Free French parachuted into southern Indochina in response to a successful coup by a Communist guerrilla named Ho Chi Minh in theFrench colony.
Aug 23, 1869. American poet and author of the Spoon River Anthology. He was born at Garnett, KS, and he died at Melrose Park, PA, Mar5, 1950.
Aug 23, 1912. Actor, dancer, director, choreographer born at Pittsburgh, PA. His movies included the musicals Singin in the Rain andAn American in Paris. Kelly died at Beverly Hills, CA, Feb 2, 1996.
Aug 23, 1927. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were electrocuted at the Charlestown, MA, prison on this date. Convicted of a shoe factory payroll robbery during which a guard had been killed, Sacco and Vanzetti maintained their innocence to the end. Six years of appeals marked this American cause clbre during which substantial evidence was presented to show that both men were elsewhere at the time of the crime. On the 50th anniversary of their execution, Massachusetts Governor Michael S. Dukakis proclaimed Aug 23, 1977, a memorial day, noting that the 1921 trial had been permeated by prejudice.
Aug 24 25, 1814. British forces briefly invaded and raided Washington, DC, burning the Capitol, the presidents house and most other public buildings. President James Madison and other high US government officials fled to safety until British troops (not knowing the strength of their position) departed the city two days later.
Aug 24, AD 79. Anniversary of the eruption of Vesuvius, an active volcano in southern Italy, which destroyed the cities of Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum. Pliny the Younger, who escaped the disaster, wroteof it to the historian Tacitus: [ B] lack and horrible clouds, broken bysinuous shapes of flaming winds, were opening with long tongues of fire.
Aug 24, 1572. Anniversary of the massacre in Paris and throughout France of thousands of Protestant Huguenots. The massacre began when the church bells tolled at dawn on Saint Bartholomews Day, Aug 24, 1572, and continued for several days. Pope Gregory XIII ordered a medal struck tocommemorate the event, but Protestant countries abhorred the killings, estimated at 5,000 to 30,000.
Aug 25, 1927. Born at Silver, SC, Althea Gibson learned paddle tennis by chance as a child when her block of W 143rd St in New York wasdesignated as a Police Athletic League play street. She overcame great financial and social adversity and eventually won 10 consecutive national titles in the American Tennis Association, a league for black players. On Aug 28, 1950, she became the first black player to compete in the national tennis championship at Forest Hills, NY. A few years later, she became the first black woman to win the singles championship at Wimbledon. In her prime, she was ranked as high as seventh in the US, winning titles at the French Open, Wimbledon and US Nationals at Forest Hills. She died at East Orange, NJ, Sept 28, 2003.
Celebrated within the National Park Service of the US to commemorate its founding on Aug 25, 1916. Founders Day is an opportunity for US parks to show pride, connect with visitors and reflect on the importance of the National Park Service mission.
Aug 25, 1918. American conductor and composer Leonard Bernstein was born at Lawrence, MA. One of the greatest conductors in American music history, he first conducted the New York Philharmonic Orchestra at age 25 and was its director from 1959 to 1969. His musicals include West Side Story and On the Town, and his operas and operettas include Candide. He died five days after his retirement, Oct 14, 1990, at New York, NY.
Aug 25, 1944. As dawn broke, the men of the Second French Armored Division entered Paris, France, ending the long German occupation ofthe City of Light. That afternoon General Charles de Gaulle led a parade down the Champs Elyses. Though Hitler had ordered the destruction of Paris, General Dietrich von Choltitz, the German occupying-officer, refused that order and instead surrendered to French Major General Jacques Le Clerc.
Aug 25, 1939. This motion-picture classic, directed by VictorFleming, was a musical adaptation of the L. Frank Baum childrens book with both black-and-white and color sequences. It starred Judy Garland as Dorothy as well as Frank Morgan as the Wizard (and four other characters), Ray Bolger as the Scarecrow, Bert Lahr as the Lion, Jack Haley as the Tin Man and Margaret Hamilton as the Wicked Witch of the West. Nominated for sixAcademy Awards, it won two for best original music score and best song, Over the Rainbow (Harold Arlen music and E.Y. Harburg lyrics).